# Predicate Logic

The forms and scope of logic rest on assumptions of how language and reasoning connect to experience. In this volume an analysis of meaning and truth provides a foundation for studying modern propositional and predicate logics.

Chapters on propositional logic, parsing propositions, and meaning, truth and reference give a basis for criteria that can be used to judge formalizations of ordinary language arguments. Over 120 worked examples of formalizations of propositions and arguments illustrate the scope and limitations of modern logic, as analyzed in chapters on identity, quantifiers, descriptive names, functions, and second-order logic. The chapter on second-order logic illustrates how different conceptions of predicates and propositions do not lead to a common basis for quantification over predicates, as they do for quantification over things.

Notable for its clarity of presentation, and supplemented by many exercises, this volume is suitable for philosophers, linguists, mathematicians, and computer scientists who wish to better understand the tools they use in formalizing reasoning.

Predicate Logic was originally published by Oxford University Press.

**Predicate Logic Table of Contents**

*"A highly competent, rigourous, and knowledgeable contribution to logical theory ... a high level of clarity ... much originality and freshness of approach."* — Stephen Barker

*"The author explains everything in simple language. Another prime feature is the large number of examples of translations from English into the logical formalism. Great care is taken in explaining background assumptions."* — Mathematical Reviews